KEY QUESTIONS FOR A NEW RHETORIC*

Most U.S. scholars of rhetoric and writing studies who are around my age have a story to tell about how and when they discovered rhetoric, and I am certainly no exception to that rule. I started teaching at a two-year college in Florida in 1968, after completing my MA in English and teaching in high school for a couple of years. A year later or two, the dean of the college asked me to write some guides for students to use in writing papers for the required composition courses. I spent the entire summer working on this project and ended up with little booklets on Writing an Expository Essay, Writing a Descriptive Essay, Writing a Narrative Essay, Writing a Persuasive Essay, and—what I was especially proud of—Writing a Combination Essay. I had figured out how to write these booklets by finding essays in these modes and analyzing them, breaking them down into steps, and then trying to guide students through that process. I did this completely by instinct: I was utterly without training in the teaching of writing, having exempted the required courses at my university, having gone through a one-half-day training session before I became a Teaching Assistant during my MA program, and having taught only literature in high school. So I was fairly proud of coming up with something to say about how to write various kinds of college papers.

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The Internet as a Source of Evidence

James A. Herrick

From Argumentation (Allyn and Bacon, 2000).

The Internet has emerged as an important source of evidence for advocates. Many scholarly journals, government publications, and other important materials are now available online. Some sites provide links to hundreds of journals and newspaper, offering virtual encyclopedias of information on topics ranging from the latest medical research to developments in the entertainment industry. However, evaluating Internet sources can be difficult for several reasons, not the least of which is the sheer number of sites currently available. Other obstacles to accurate evaluation are also apparent. Sometimes we know little or nothing about the parties responsible for creating a particular site on the Internet. And, Internet sites often do not have to endure the editorial process that is typical for most books and virtually all articles in scholarly journals. For these reasons, it is particularly important to evaluate the quality of an Internet site as a source of evidence.

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De Aristóteles al mañana

El sistema aristotélico ha dicho J Berrio (1983, 23) posiblemente es aún hoy el mejor tratado de retórica. Aristóteles toma por objeto de la retórica, al hombre mismo, todo lo que le atañe, pero muy especialmente la comunicación. Este valor de la retórica entendida como principio regulador general es recabado por Roland Barthes cuando dice que hay unos principios generales aplicables a todos los objetos sociales, que se materializan en aspectos particulares, así habría una retórica del sueño, una retórica de la moda o una retórica de la literatura o de la pintura y muy especialmente una retórica de la imagen. La retórica piensa Aristóteles contrariando el parecer de Platón no es un truco, sino u arte con su propia tecné, y no se ocupa de una sola cosa en particular sino de un objeto general, se la considera sobre todo facultad y arte.

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ENSAYO: DESEMPEÑO 5: Análisis retórico

 

2 entregas: Borrador (esqueleto) para el martes 13 de septiembre y ensayo para el martes 20 de septiembre.

Este desempeño requiere que hagan un análisis retórico, tomando en cuenta los aspectos vistos en clase, principalmente los 6 elementos del discurso retórico de Herrick, así como las consideraciones con respecto a la función social de la retórica.

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DISCURSO: Desempeño 4, Lógica y Retórica

Preparar y dar un discurso de no más de 4 minutos, en el que busquen influir en el comportamiento de una audiencia con respecto a la situación política del país. Esto puede significar diferentes cosas. Siéntanse libres de elegir una. Más específicamente, deben urgir a su audiencia, utilizando los medios aristotélicos de persuasión, a aceptar cierta iniciativa o cambiar cierta actitud relacionada a la política. Puede tomar la perspectiva que gusten: la del político que ha generado la propuesta o iniciativa o la de alguien que la apoya y quiere persuadir a otros de apoyarla. Esto implica elegir una postura sobre otra. Tomen esto en cuenta para utilizar las herramientas desarrolladas por Aristóteles según el tipo de discurso (especies).

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